Channel: The Kaʻū Calendar News Briefs, Hawaiʻi Island
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Kaʻū News Briefs Saturday, July 21, 2018

Littoral, or hydrovolcanic, explosions happen when lava meets water under certain conditions, such as those that sent
lava bombs into a tour boat last week. This explosion happened in 2008, near Kalapana.
See Volcano Watch, below. USGS photo
POTENTIAL IMPACTS OF ONGOING ERUPTIONS from Kīlauea Volcano are outlined in a study released this week by U.S. Geological Survey Hawaiian Volcano Observatory. The report to Hawaiʻi County Civil Defense says, "it is most likely that the Lower East Rift Zone eruption may continue for months to years." The study points out that the volume of lava flowing into lower Puna - particularly from the Fissure 8 vent, channel, and ocean entry - is steady and historic.
Cape Kumakahi Lighthouse could be threatened
if the river of lava overflows or breaks through its
 banks. Photo from Lighthouse Friends
     The current eruption started with 23 days of sporadic eruption from 24 fissures, covering a distance of 4.2 miles. More recently, the eruption has focused at Fissure 8, continuously erupting since May 27. The volume is significantly more than the 1960 and 1840 eruptions, and perhaps more than eruptions in the late 1700s.
     "If the ongoing eruption maintains its current style of activity at a high eruption rate, then it may take months to a year or two to wind down. While this seems to be the most likely outcome, a pause in the eruption, followed by additional activity, cannot be ruled out, nor can an abrupt cessation or a transition of steady, longer-lived activity at a lower effusion rate," states the report.
     "The shield complex of Heiheiahulu, 9.5 km (6 mi.) upslope (from Fissure 8), represents a more voluminous eruption that could have lasted several years, similar to the 35‐year‐long eruption of Puʻu ʻŌʻō. Both of these eruptions started with several short ʻaʻā flows erupted along a 3.5 km (2.2 mi‐) and 7 km‐(4.3 mi‐) long fissure system, respectively, before centralizing to a single vent and eventually erupting tube‐fed pahoehoe flows."
     The report notes: "The current eruption has erupted only ʻaʻā flows so far but the eruption rate is high, and a stable channel system is being elevated by frequent spillovers of pāhoehoe flows above Kapoho Crater. The flow maintains its ʻaʻā character below that point to the ocean with a more pasty lava oozing from its interior along its edges. The change in the character of the channel toward pahoehoe may signal a gradual change of eruption style and a potentially longer eruption with more destruction of infrastructure."
Fissure 8 supplies a perched lava channel "river," which travels in a curving
path over 8.7 miles to the ocean, where is feeds various entry
points over a new coastline about 2.3 miles long. USGS photo
     The study points to risks of the lava river spilling over, or breaking its banks, which could threaten Nanawale Estates and possibly move closer to Hawaiian Beaches and Hawaiian Shores subdivisions. Another possible diversion of lava could threaten Noni Farms, Railroad Ave., Papaya Farms, and Government Beach Road before entering the ocean near Kalamanu. Other areas of possible future risk are the remaining structures in Kapoho Ag Lots and Beach Lots, buildings on the eastern section of the 1960 flow. and Cape Kumakahi Lighthouse.
     Concerning vog, the study says that Fissure 8 has replaced Halemaʻumaʼu as the dominant producer of volcanic gas on Hawaiʻi Island "and will remain so as long as current rates of eruption continue." The study says the rates of emission are more than four time the average daily amount from Kīlaeua's summit lava lake before May 3, causing a significant increase in vog, to include the Kona Coast.
Lava entering the ocean, sending up voluminous
clouds of laze. USGS photo
     Other risks outlined by the report include a possible delta collapse of the new lava that is adding land onto the island, and hydrovolcanic explosions, like the ones that injured boaters last week, when seawater mixed with lava.
      Read the entire report entitled Preliminary Analysis of the ongoing Lower East Rift Zone eruption of Kīlauea Volcano: Fissure 8 Prognosis and Ongoing Hazards at volcanoes.usgs.gov/vsc/file_mngr/file-185/USGS%20Preliminary%20Analysis

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The Rev. Titus Coan wrote about the
1840 events at Kīlaeua Volcano.
Photo from Wikipedia
COLORFUL DESCRIPTIONS OF KĪLAUEA CALDERA AND THE ERUPTION OF 1840 are included in this week's report on possible hazards, submitted by USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory to Hawaiʻi County Civil Defense. The study quotes the Rev. Titus Coan, a missionary in Hilo in the mid-1800s, saying:
     “For several years past, the great crater of Kīlauea has been rapidly filling up, by the rising of the superincumbent crust, and by the frequent gushing forth of the molten sea below. In this manner, the great basin below the black ledge, which has been computed from three to five hundred feet deep, was long since filled up by the ejection and cooling of successive masses of the fiery fluid.
   “These silent eruptions continued to occur at intervals, until the black ledge was repeatedly overflowed, each cooling, and forming a new layer from two feet thick and upwards, until the whole area of the crater was filled up, at least fifty feet above the original black ledge, and thus reducing the whole depth of the crater to less than nine hundred feet.
Side walls of Kīlauea Caldera continue to crumble as
subsidence and earthquakes plague the summit.
USGS photo
     “This process of filling up continued till the latter part of May, 1840, when... the whole area of the crater became one entire sea of ignifluous matter, raging like old ocean when lashed into fury by a tempest. For several days the fires raged with fearful intensity, exhibiting a scene awfully terrific. For several days... the infuriated waves sent up infernal sounds, and dashed with such maddening energy against the sides of the awful caldron, as to shake the solid earth above, and to detach huge masses of overhanging rocks, which, leaving their ancient beds, plunged into the fiery gulf below.
     “So terrific was the scene that no one dared to approach near it, and travellers on the main road, which lay along the verge of the crater, feeling the ground tremble beneath their feet, fled and passed by at a distance... Every thing within the caldron is new. Not a particle of lava remains as it was when I last visited it. All has been melted down and re‐cast. All is new.”
Halemaʻumaʻu's lava lake, before it disappeared in May.
NPS photo
    Read the entire report written for Hawaiʻi County Civil Defense at volcanoes.usgs.gov/

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EXPLOSIVE HAZARDS CREATED BY LAVA MIXING WITH SEAWATER are explained in this week's Volcano Watch, written by U.S. Geological Survey Hawaiian Volcano Observatory scientists and affiliates This article is by Larry Mastin, a Cascades Volcano Observatory hydrologist, who is assisting with the USGS eruption response in Hawaiʻi:

     Since May 3, Kīlauea Volcano’s lower East Rift Zone eruption has destroyed more than 700 structures, covered more than 32 sq. km (12.4 sq. mi.) of land with black lava, and added about 700 acres of new land to the island. Yet, remarkably, injuries had been few.

     But then, on July 16, a large underwater explosion sent lava bombs - solid or semi-solid lava fragments - the size of basketballs through the roof of a tour boat, injuring 23 volcano watchers. The detailed cause of the explosion is uncertain, but USGS is fairly certain that it resulted from the heating of seawater by molten lava.
This telephoto image shows dark fragments of molten and 
semi-solid lava being blasted upward and outward during a 
hydrovolcanic explosion at the Waikupanaha ocean entry 
west of Kalapana in April 2008. USGS photo by M. Patrick

     Underwater explosions are enigmatic and can be deadly. They have also fascinated scientists since a transformational event in 1963. That year, at first dawn on November 13, Icelandic fishermen stared with awe as, beyond the bow of their boat, jets of black tephra launched out of the sea in long, arcing trajectories that resembled rooster tails. The jagged front of each tail was tipped by finger-like projections, each led by a large flying block.
     A new volcanic vent, Surtsey, had emerged days earlier from the 130m (430 ft.) deep ocean bottom. By that fateful morning it had shallowed to several meters (yards) depth, and explosions were beginning to breach the water surface. From 1963 through 1967, the world gaped at magazine and television images of the activity.
     As the vent emerged, “intermittent explosions” with cock’s-tail plumes and finger jets, alternated with continuous jetting of wet ash and steam. Some intermittent explosions shot tephra columns upward, which then collapsed back to the water surface and moved radially outward as ring-shaped clouds. Only after the vent fully emerged from the sea did the explosive behavior give way to normal basaltic lava fountains and flows.
     The eruption of Surtsey, more than any other, demonstrated the explosive effect of water in volcanism. Terms like “cock’s-tail plume,” “finger jet,” “Surtseyan eruption,” and “hydrovolcanism” entered the volcanic lexicon.
 Bikiniatoll. Similar violent melt-water explosions had plagued aluminum foundries and steel mills when those metals inadvertently mixed with water.
    Scientists noted similarities to other phenomena. Ring-shaped clouds called “base surges,” for example, rolled outward during the 1946 atomic blast at Bikini atoll. Similar violent melt-water explosions had plagued aluminum foundries and steel mills when those metals inadvertently mixed with water.
Littoral explosion near Kalapana in 2008. USGS photo
     In the 1970s and 1980s, many nuclear power plants were under construction, and engineers were spooked by the prospect of nuclear fuel melting through the plants’ floors into groundwater and exploding. Melt-water explosions acquired a name – fuel-coolant interactions – but not a clear explanation. Experiments pouring metals, such as tin, into water found that explosions were devilishly hard to reproduce.
     By the 1990s, scientists had found a complicated sequence that required (1) dispersing melt blobs in water, and then (2) passing a shock wave through the mixture that stripped off the steam jackets that insulated them. Whether this sequence causes Surtseyan explosions has been controversial.
     German experiments using magma (rather than metals) found success using a similar two-step process, but with step one involving water bubbles entrapped in melt. Laboratory experiments, however, are not good at capturing the dynamics and complexity of real lava-water mixing. So, here is the value of Kīlaueaas a natural laboratory.
     Kīlauealava flows have entered the ocean for decades. During most of the Puʻu ʻŌʻō eruption, molten lava flowed beneath the waves with minor splashing but no real jetting. In a few cases, though, black tephra jets and steam were violently thrown tens of meters (yards) into the air.
     These occasions were of great concern, and found to occur under two conditions: (1) when a lava delta collapses into the sea, exposing a severed tube and molten lava to ocean waves; or (2) when a submarine lava tube ruptures, allowing water entry, and is then partly blocked. The confined water heats like that in a pressure cooker and then explodes when the tube walls rupture.
Lava meets ocean in a littoral explosion near
Waikupanaha in 2008. USGS photo
     Explosions of this type have occurred periodically throughout Kīlauea’s East Rift Zone eruption. Last week’s explosions suggest that tubes lie below the waves at the current ocean entry, and that more explosions are possible.
     The explosions at Kīlauea’s ocean entry are smaller than the big Surtseyan cock’s-tail jets. The latter occurred above an active vent, whereas the former are fed by surface flows. But Kīlauea’s explosions are the best observed of any hydrovolcanic explosions – and they offer the best insight into how they form. 

For more information, see Littoral hydrovolcanic explosions: a case study of lava–seawater interactionat Kilauea Volcanovolcanoes
.usgs.gov/vsc/file_mngr/file-186/Mattox and Mangan_hydrovolcanic explosions.pdf.
Second Miss Kaʻū Coffee
Princess Karlee
     Visit HVO’s website, volcanoes.usgs.gov/hvo, for past Volcano Watch articles, Kīlauea daily eruption updates, Mauna Loa weekly updates, volcano photos, maps, recent earthquake info, and more. Call for summary updates at 808-967-8862 (Kīlauea) or 808-967-8866 (Mauna Loa). Email questions to askHVO@usgs.gov

To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see Facebook. Follow us on Instagram and Twitter. See our online calendars and our latest print edition at kaucalendar.com.

SECOND MISS KAʻŪ COFFEE PRINCESS KARLEE FUKUNAGA-CAMBA represented Kaʻū at the recent, annual Miss Hawaiʻi Island Teen USA pageant in Hilo. She won the categories of People’s Choice, Hospitality, and Popularity. The yearly pageant is the Local Preliminary to the Miss Hawaiʻi Teen USA pageant. Her family runs the R&G store in Pāhala.
Karlee Fukunaga-Camba, sixth from the left in light blue, won the People's
Choice, Popularity, and Hospitality categories of the Miss Hawaiʻi
Teen USA pageant on July 7. Photos from misshawaiiusa.com

To read com-ments, add your own, and like this story, see Facebook. Follow us on Instagram and Twitter. See our online calendars and our latest print edition at kaucalendar.com

     Join volunteers for a Restoration Workday with Earth Expedition Crew on Wednesday, July 25, at a to-be-announced Ka‘ū location.
Join Hawai‘i Wildlife Fund volunteers and help clean-up marine debris
from the coast and restore anchialine pools.
Photo from facebook.com/pg/hawaiiwildlifefund/
     Hawai‘i Wildlife Fund collaborates with Hawai‘i Sate Parks for their second annual Mahai‘ula Anchialine Pool Restoration Workday, in Kona, on Saturday, July 28 - this site offers 2WD access.
     Volunteers clean as they hike the coast near South Point with Big Island Farms on Monday, July 30.
    A Kamilo Beach Clean-up and debris survey is conducted on Friday, August 17. Volunteers will likely meet at Wai‘ōhinu Park and continue to the destination from there.
    An International Coastal Clean-up event takes place on Saturday, September 15, with Hawai‘i Wildlife Fund volunteers picking up marine debris along Kamilo Point. Volunteers will likely meet at Wai‘ōhinu Park and continue to the destination from there.
     Those interested must contact Hawai‘i Wildlife Fund staff, kahakai.cleanups@gmail.com, in advance for meet up times, locations, and directions. Ride-sharing with volunteers or in staff vehicles is possible and often necessary, as many clean-up/restoration sites are only accessible by 4WD; however, space is limited. These events are free; donations are appreciated. Pending volcanic activity/air quality. See wildhawaii.org.

Print edition of The Ka‘ū Calendar is free to 5,500 mailboxes 
throughout Ka‘ū, from Miloli‘i through Volcano, and free on 
stands throughout the district. Read online at kaucalendar.com
To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see Facebook. Follow us on Instagram and Twitter. See our online calendars and our latest print edition at kaucalendar.com.

People and Land of Kahuku, Sun, July 22, Kahuku Unit of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park. Guided, 2.5-mile, moderately difficult hike over rugged terrain focuses on the area's human history. Free. nps.gov/HAVO

Hawai‘i County Council Meetings, beginning at 9 a.m., Tue/Wed, July 24 (Committees)/25 (Council), Kona. Ka‘ū residents can participate via videoconferencing at Nā‘ālehu State Office Building. Agendas at hawaiicounty.gov

Kōkua Kupuna Project, Wed, July 25, , St. Jude's Episcopal Church, Ocean View. Seniors 60 years and older encouraged to attend, ask questions, and inquire about services offered through Legal Aid Society of Hawai‘i - referral required from Hawai‘i County Office of Aging at 961-8626 for free legal services. Under 60, call 1-800-499-4302. More info: tahisha.despontes@legalaidhawaii.org, 329-3910 ext. 925. legalaidhawaii.org

Hawai‘i County Council Meetings, beginning at 9 a.m., Wed, July 25 (Council), Kona. Ka‘ū residents can participate via videoconferencing at Nā‘ālehu State Office Building. Agendas at hawaiicounty.gov

Summer Fun Event, Wed, July 25, , PARENTS, Inc., Nā‘ālehu. Parents, caregivers and keiki create fun summer art; 0-7 years old. Wear clothes that can get messy. Art supplies, healthy snacks and drinks provided. Free. 333-3460, lindsey@hawaiiparents.org

Vision Board Event, Wed, July 25, , PARENTS, Inc., Nā‘ālehu. 8-18 years old and parents/caregivers. Set intentions, goals and give voice to wishes and dreams by creating a vision board. Art supplies, healthy snacks and drinks provided. Free. 333-3460, lindsey@hawaiiparents.org

Ka‘ū Community Children's Council, Thu, July 26, , Punalu‘u Bake Shop. Monthly meeting provides local forum for all community members to come together as equal partners to discuss and positively affect multiple systems' issues for the benefit of all students, families, and communities. Chad Domingo, text 808-381-2584, domingoc1975@yahoo.com, ccco.k12.hi.us

Volcano Bay Clinic Mobile Health Unit Visit, Thu, July 26, Cooper CenterVolcano Village. Must be Bay Clinic, Inc. patient. Medical services offered last Thursday of every month. Dental to be announced. Call 333-3600 to schedule appointment. See Cooper Center June newsletter for details. thecoopercenter.org

Volcano Friends Feeding Friends, Thu, July 26, 4-6pm, Cooper Center, Volcano Village. Free community dinner for all. Additional packaged goods to take home - for those in need. Donations and volunteers encouraged. 967-7800, thecoopercenter.org

Coffee Talk, Fri, July 27, , Kahuku Unit of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park. NPS Law Enforcement Rangers talk story about Mitigating Disaster in National Parks. Ka’ū coffee, tea, and pastries available for purchase. Free. nps.gov/HAVO

Second Annual Mālama Nā Keiki Festival, Sat, July 28, , Nā‘ālehu Park. Free. Health screenings: hearing, vision, height and weight, BMI. Education and activities: Prenatal Panel, breastfeeding class w/lactation specialists, grow your own plant! Also, keiki activities, food, entertainment and prizes. Host: Hui Mālama Ola Nā ‘Oiwi. 969-9220, HMONO.org

Paths and Trails, Sat, July 28, , Kahuku Unit of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park. Moderately-difficult, 2-mile, hike with some of the most spectacular overlooks in Kahuku. Discover the ways people, animals, and plants got to Kahuku and the paths they followed. Free. nps.gov/HAVO

Discovery Harbour Volunteer Fire Department Tribute for James Masters, Sat, July 28, , Discovery Harbour Community Hall. 929-9576, discoveryharbour.net

1st Annual Hawaiian Wicked Tuna Jackpot - Classic Fishing Tournament Series, through Sun, July 22, Honokahau Club House. All profits go towards marine conservation and youth educational programs in and around Miloli‘i. $300 entry fee, 4 per boat, $25 additional. Cash prizes $100-4,000. Qualifying weight of 50lbs. Grand Prize qualifies for Las Vegas Trip. Contact Wilfred Kaupiko, 896-6272, kalanihale@gmail.com. Sponsored by Kalanihale, kalanihale.org

25th Annual Hawai’i Conservation ConferenceUlu Ka Lāiā I Ke Kumu: From a Strong Foundation Grows an Abundant Future, Tue-Thu, July 24-26, Hawai’i Convention Center, Honolulu. Registration ongoing, $80+. hawaiiconservation.org

Oliver!, a KDEN Production, through July 29; Fridays and Saturdays, , Sundays . Shows at UH-Hilo Performing Arts Center. Tickets: $20 general, $15 seniors 60+ and students, $12 keiki 12 and under. Tickets available at Kīlauea General Store, Kea‘au Natural Foods, Basically Books, and The Most Irresistible Shop in Hilo. Info and reservations: 982-7344, kden73@aol.com

Exhibit, Birds of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park: The Hawai‘i Nei Invitational Daily, through Aug 4, Volcano Art Center’s Ni‘aulani Campus, Volcano Village. Free. Artists: John Dawson, Reyn Ojiri, Sarah Koh, Wendy Barske, Maria Macias, Cody Yamaguchi, Ann Guth, and John Mydoock. Art represents endemic bird species. volcanoartcenter.org

Volcano Rain Forest Runs Registration Open through Friday, August 17, at 6 p.m. Half marathon $85, 10K $45, 5K $30. Registration increases August 1: half marathon to $95, 10K to $55, and 5K to $35. Race is run from Cooper Center on Wright Road in Volcano Village on Saturday, August 18.

5th annual Ka‘ū Coffee Trail Run registration open. Race day Sat, Sept 22, ; begins and ends at Ka‘ū Coffee Mill. Register online before Sun, Aug 11: 5K, $30/person; 10K, $40/person; and 1/2 Marathon, $45/person. From Aug 13: $35/person, $45/person, and $55/person. Race day registration ends Sat, Sept 22, at  Event organizers, ‘O Ka‘ū Kākou; start location, Ka‘ū Coffee Mill.

Disaster Recovery Center is open weekdays from  to  weekends from  to  at Keaʻau High School Gym. The DRC will be closed on Sunday, July 22. Buses run to and from Keaʻau Armory every 20 minutes and Pāhoa Community Center Shelter every hour; see full bus schedule on the Civil Defense Website at HawaiiCounty.gov/Active-Alerts. For a list of the information applicants need to bring to the DRC, or to register online, go to DisasterAssistance.gov. The Salvation Army continues to operate a distribution center at the Pāhoa Community Center on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday from 8:30 a.m. to 10:30 a.m. To donate, please coordinate with the Salvation Army at (808) 756-0306.

Kona Vet Center visits to Ocean View Community Center are Suspended until further notice. Veterans may call 329-0574 for VA benefit information. ovcahi.org

Tūtū and Me Offers Home Visits to those with keiki zero to five years old: home visits to aid with helpful parenting tips and strategies, educational resources, and a compassionate listening ear. Home visits are free, last 1.5 hours, two to four times a month, for a total of 12 visits, and snacks are provided. For info and to register, call Linda Bong 464-9634.

St. Jude's Episcopal Church Calls For More Volunteers for the Saturday community outreach. Especially needed are cooks for the soup served to those in need, and organizers for the hot showers. "Volunteering for St. Jude's Saturday Shower and Soup ministry is an opportunity to serve God in a powerful way," states St. Jude's April newsletter. Volunteer by contacting Dave Breskin at 319-8333.

Find Your Park, invites Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park. Kamaʻaina and tourist alike are encouraged to experience authentic Hawaiian cultural programs, guided hikes, After Dark events, and more from Ka‘ū to Volcano to Hilo. “While Kīlauea continues to shake the ground and blast ash from its ever-changing summit crater – causing the partial closure of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park on May 11 – park rangers continue to enlighten and engage visitors from other locations,” says a release from HVNP staff.
     Rangers offer new and familiar programs – free of charge, with no entry fees – for visitors at the park’s Kahuku Unit, Volcano Art Center’s Ni‘aulani Campus, and Mokupāpapa Discovery Center and Prince Kūhio Plaza in Hilo.
Kahuku Unit
     Sneak Peek into next week: July’s Artist in Residence John Ferdico will showcase his multicolored model aircraft and discuss how they are made at the Kahuku Visitor Contact Station, Friday, July 20, at 10 a.m. Supported by the Friends of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park and the National Parks Arts Foundation.
     In addition to regularly scheduled Guided Hikes and the monthly Coffee Talk, Kahuku Unit has added daily Ranger Talks, and cultural demonstrations and activities on weekends.
     Visitor Contact Station hosts ʻIke Hana Noʻeau: Experience the Skillful Work Cultural Demonstrations and Activities, from 12:30 to 1:30 p.m. every Saturday and Sunday. July 21: Cordage. It’s all about connecting to culture – literally. Learn how Hawaiians use plant materials to bind and lash together everything from wa‘a (canoes) to slippers. July 22: Hula. Get into the groove and learn basic moves of the beloved Hawaiian dance in both the kahiko (traditional) and ‘auana (modern) styles.
     Visitor Contact Station hosts Ranger Talks on Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday at 10:30 a.m. and 1 p.m.; Saturday and Sunday at 10:30 a.m.
     Guided Hikes begin at 9:30 a.m. every Saturday and Sunday in June and July. Meet the ranger at the welcome tent.
     Coffee Talk, in the Visitor Contact Station is held the last Friday of the month, 9:30-11 a.m.
     Kahuku events are posted to the park website, nps.gov/havo/planyourvisit/kahuku-hikes.htm.
Volcano Art Center’s Ni‘aulani Campus
     Find Park Rangers in Volcano at the Volcano Art Center’s Ni‘aulani Campus at 19-4074 Old Volcano Rd., in Volcano Village. Rangers are there most days from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. to provide talks and answer questions about the current eruption.
     The return of After Dark …near the park at the Volcano Art Center’s Ni‘aulani Campus. Each event will have a different subject matter, TBA.
Mokupāpapa Discovery Center
     Find Park Rangers in downtown Hilo, Tuesday through Saturday, from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. Rangers provide daily eruption updates, and at 10 a.m. and 2 p.m., give a talk about all five of Hawai‘i Island’s volcanoes – including Kīlauea. Get NPS Passport Books stamped. Located at 76 Kamehameha Ave., Hilo.
     ʻIke Hana Noʻeau: Experience the Skillful Work Cultural Workshop, Wed, July 18, 10 a.m. to noon: Learn about Lomilomi massage from cultural demonstrator Kumu Leina‘ala K. Brown.
     Third Thursday by the Bay, Thu, July 19, 5:30 p.m. to 6:30 p.m.: Ranger Dean Gallagher will provide a riveting Kīlauea eruption update, using Liquid Galaxy map technology, photos and storytelling. Bring your questions.
Prince Kūhio Plaza
     Find Park Rangers alongside the park’s non-profit partners, Hawai‘i Pacific Parks Association, at their brand new mall store.
Grand Naniloa Hotel
     Find Park Rangers stationed at the Grand Naniloa Hotel in downtown Hilo, from 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., every Sunday and Monday, in the Willie K Crown Room - as long as nothing else is scheduled in the space. The rangers will be doing daily talks at 10 a.m. and 2 p.m. about the eruption. They will show the park film that is normally available to visitors to see at the Kilauea Visitor’s Center at the Summit, Born of Fire, Born in the Sea, every half-hour beginning at 9:30 a.m.
     Park rangers also greet incoming arrivals at the Hilo International Airport, welcome cruise ship passengers as they disembark at the Port of Hilo, and inform visitors at ‘Imiloa Astronomy Center most Sundays.

To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see Facebook. Follow us on Instagram and Twitter. See our online calendars and our latest print edition at kaucalendar.com.

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