Channel: The Kaʻū Calendar News Briefs, Hawaiʻi Island
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Ka‘ū News Briefs, Sunday, December 22, 2019

Ramses, Kiaʻi, David, and Ocean from Tūtū & Me enjoyed the Christmas decorations in front of Kaʻū Hospital.
See what is being offered by the program, below. Photo from Tūtu & Me

SETTING AN EXAMPLE FOR THIS ISLAND AND ALL OF HAWAIʻI, Kauaʻi reached a milestone with 11 days in the past month month supplying the island's energy needs using only renewable energy.

     KIUC claims that for five hours last Tuesday, all electricity on Kauaʻi was generated by renewable resources. The community owned electrical cooperative provides power to a population of about 100,000, including visitors.

     "We didn't use a drop of fossil fuel for a cumulative total of more than 32 hours during that time frame," said KIUC's President and Chief Executive Officer, David Bissell. "We believe this is a unique accomplishment for a standalone electrical grid relying on small-scale renewable generation."

     KIUC is a not-for-profit generation, transmission, and distribution cooperative owned by the members it serves. Headquartered in Lihuʻe, the cooperative serves 33,000 electrical accounts on the island of Kauaʻi.

     For the past two years, KIUC says, it has routinely achieved 90 percent or more renewable generation during the middle of the day on sunny days.

     Noting this important milestone, energy guru Henry Curtis wrote: "The BigIslandalso could achieve that same result with the addition of cheap wind and/or solar energy.

     "Even with the loss of Puna Geothermal Ventures, the BigIsland currently has a firm generation of 213.3 MW and plenty of variable renewable generation."

Fields of solar panels.
     Curtis noted that HELCO has 143 MW of "green energy" operational, including 31 MW of wind, 17 MW of hydro, and 95 MW of customer-sited solar energy (generally known as "roof top").

     Under development is 60 MW of solar and 38 MW of geothermal. The solar power will come from two projects, Hale Kuawehi and Waikaloa. Hale Kuawehi will be located on 300 acres on Parker Ranch near Waimea. The Waikaloa facility will be built near the village of Waikaloa.

     Curtis pointed out that power from the Hū Honua project, which faces some opposition, would be sold to ratepayers for 22 cents per kilowatt hour, while the Waikaloa and Hale Kuawehi systems would supply power for either 8c or 9c per kWh. The industrial Ocean View solar project in Kaʻū, if allowed to go forward, would charge BigIsland ratepayers 23.8c per kWh.
     Last month on Kauaʻi, the energy cooperative took steps toward full deployment of renewables by investing in utility-scale battery storage systems at both its Tesla solar facility in Kapaia and AES Distributed Energy facility in Lawaʻi. The storage systems contributed significantly to grid stability, according to the KIUC press release.

     Both facilities on Kauaʻi can simultaneously feed solar power to the grid and the batteries for storage and use after sunset. The Lawaʻi facility can provide up to 20 MW of direct-to-grid power during the day, and 100 MW after sunset.

     KIUC media contact Beth Tokioka told The Kaʻū Calendar that last year the co-op was able to save $700,000 by using solar instead of burning diesel oil, a reduction of 7 percent on the island's annual energy bill.

     "The price of diesel is volatile - at the moment it is 15c per kWh and climbing, while solar is about 12c per kWh and dropping," she said. "We estimate that the average user saved about $180 last year. Our operations personnel needed ample time to put all the necessary pieces into place before pushing the envelope to 100 percent renewable. Now we're doing it routinely."

To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see Facebook. Follow us on Instagram and Twitter. See our online calendars and our latest print edition at kaucalendar.com.

Tūtū & Me families (David, Ramses, Kiaʻi, and caregivers) singing 
Christmas carols for Kaʻū Hospital residents. Photo from Tūtu & Me

TŪTŪ & ME TRAVELING PRESCHOOL, part of the community for many years, is ramping up its services in Pāhala. The free community service, organized by Partners in Development, is in the process of developing a Home Visiting program in Pāhala. Tūtū & Me staff will be able to bring activities for keiki and resources for caregivers right into the home. Tūtū & Me is accepting enrollment applications for the new program.
     Applications are also open for the preschool site in Waiʻōhinu. Call the office at 808-929-8571 for more information on the programs.

     The Tūtū & Me staff members are seek ways to serve the community and participate in professional development. They volunteer at PāhalaElementary School and Library three times a week, and participate in events supporting county Parks & Recreation, Boys & Girls Club, Nāʻālehu Elementary, KahukuPark, and more. One day a week is dedicated to cultural, safety, and early childhood professional development opportunities. "If you see us around, please wave," said Hawaiʻi South Program Site Manager Michelle Buck.

Tūtū & Me keiki (Kiaʻi, David, Ramses, Dillon, Ocean, and Geneva
outside Kaʻū Hospital waiting to sing. Photo from Tūtu & Me

     Recently, the Tūtū & Me families and staff participated in holiday events in the community. On Dec. 18, a group of keiki, caregivers, and staff visited Kaʻū Hospital to sing for the residents. Said Buck, "The children had a wonderful time spreading Christmas cheer. Mahalo, Kaʻū Hospital, for allowing us to spend the morning with you."
     Tūtū & Me Traveling Preschool has been a part of the Kaʻū community for many years. Children from birth to five, accompanied by an adult caregiver, can attend the preschool from 8:45-10:45 am on Mondays and Wednesdays at Kauahaʻao Church in Waiʻōhinu. Each month's activities are based on a theme, such as My Community, Healthy Living, Insects, or Ocean Animals. Keiki interact with each other and their caregivers as they participate in nearly 20 different centers. Each month a huakaʻi, field trip, is planned, and Tūtū and Me families gather together to experience the resources in the nearby communities. Special guests, Nurse Becky and Auntie Barbara, from Something Good In the World, visit monthly.
Tūtū & Me staff – Melody Espejo, Stacy Davis, Michelle Buck, and
Jenny Doi – experience a cultural professional development
opportunity at KahukuPark. Photo from Tūtu & Me
     Said Buck, "The Tūtū & Me staff enjoy planning and preparing activities, providing resources to families, collaborating with other local partners, and serving this beautiful community. Thank you for supporting us through the years. It is an honor to educate the young children of Kaʻū."

To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see Facebook. Follow us on Instagram and Twitter. See our online calendars and our latest print edition at kaucalendar.com.

AN EXTENSION FOR COMMENTS ON U.S. DOMESTIC HEMP PRODUCTION PROGRAM interim final rule  allows input to be sent to the U.S. Department of Agriculture until Wednesday, Jan. 29. Comments received by that date will be considered before a final rule is issued.

     USDA published the interim final rule on Oct. 31, under the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, the 2018 Farm Bill. The rule outlines provisions for USDA to approve plans submitted by states and Indian tribes for the domestic production of hemp. It also establishes a federal plan for producers in states or territories of Indian tribes that do not have their own USDA-approved plan.  The program includes provisions for maintaining information on the land where hemp is produced, testing the levels of delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol, disposing of plants not meeting necessary requirements, licensing requirements, and ensuring compliance with the requirements of the new part.

     Submit written comments online at regulations.gov/document?D=AMS-SC-19-0042-0001. Comments may also be submitted by mail to Docket Clerk, Marketing Order and Agreement Division, Specialty Crops Program, AMS, USDA, 1400 Independence Avenue SW, STOP 0237, WashingtonDC 20250-0237; or by fax at (202) 720-8938. All comments will be made available to the public. More information about the provisions of the interim final rule is available on the U.S. Domestic Hemp Production Program web page on the Agricultural Marketing Service website.

To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see Facebook. Follow us on Instagram and Twitter. See our online calendars and our latest print edition at kaucalendar.com.

HAWAIʻI FIRE DEPARTMENT ANNOUNCES that fireworks permits will be available for purchase beginning Thursday, Dec. 26 and ending at midnight on New Year's Eve at the following locations for the upcoming New Year's celebration:

     Fire Administration Office located at the Hilo County Building25 Aupuni Street

Suite 2501
, from  to  on Dec. 26, 27, 30, and 31.

     Kona Fire Prevention Office, located at the West Hawaiʻi Civic Center, 74-5044 

Ane Keohokalole Hwy, Bldg E, second floor from, by appointment only on 

Dec. 26, 27, 28, 29, and 30. Call 808-323-4760 to make appointment.

     Parker Ranch Shopping Center Food Court, Kamuela, from  to 

 on Dec. 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, and 31.

Many fire works display will send lights, smoke, booms and bangs into 
the air across Kaʻū on New Years Eve. Photo by Michael Worthington

     Fireworks permits will also be sold at the following firecracker vending outlets:

     J. Hara Store, 17-343 Volcano Hwy, Kurtistown

     BJ Alan Tent, 325 E. Maka‘ala St.Hilo

     BJ Alan Tent, 
111 E. Puainako St.Hilo

     Long's Puainako, 
111 E. Puainako St.Hilo

     TNT Tent, 381 E. Maka‘ala St.Hilo

     KTA Puainako, 
50 E. Puainako StreetHilo

     KTA Kona; Kona Coast Shopping Center, 74-5594 Palani Rd., Kona

     Pacific Fireworks, 74-5629 Kuakini Hwy, Suite 155, Kona

     BJ Alan Tent Kona, 74-5454 Makala Blvd., Kona 
     Each permit costs $25 and will entitle the holder to purchase 5,000 individual firecrackers. Multiple permit purchases are authorized. Permits shall only be issued to persons 18 years of age or older and are non-transferable and non-refundable. Permits are not required for purchasing novelties and paperless firecrackers. Setting off of fireworks are allowed between the hours of  on New Year's Eve and  on New Year's Day. Permits shall be visibly displayed at the site of use during the time of the firing.
      For more information on purchasing fireworks permits or use of fireworks, call the Fire Prevention Bureau at 932-2912 in Hilo or 323-4760 in Kona.

To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see Facebook. Follow us on Instagram and Twitter. See our online calendars and our latest print edition at kaucalendar.com.

MEASURING A VOLCANO'S SHAPE WITH GLOBAL NAVIGATION SATELLITE SYSTEMS is the subject of this week's Volcano Watch, by U.S. Geological Survey Hawaiian Volcano Observatory geophysicist Sarah Conway:

     An important point: measuring the volcano's shape with high precision GNSS.

     When you think of GPS, what typically comes to mind? Your phone, the navigation in your car, or maybe your watch? The Global Positioning System is a U.S.satellite-navigation system originally designed for military use, but now an extremely popular and widely used technology.

     In addition to the U.S.constellation, there are three other GNSS: GLONASS (Russia), Galileo (European), and BeiDou (China). New GNSS receivers can simultaneously track multiple constellations of satellites – for example eight GPS satellites, three GLONASS, and two Galileo – that provide improved accuracy.

     HVO operates a 67-station GNSS network spread out across the island but concentrated near persistent deforming features like rift zones. These high-precision GNSS stations give scientists a 24/7 record, called a time-series, of the precise position of the antenna every second through time.

     How does this work? GNSS satellites send out radio waves that travel at the speed of light and transmit information about the exact position of the satellite and the current time. The antenna on the ground listens to the radio signals from multiple satellites and passes them to the receiver which calculates the exact location using a process called trilateration.

     Handheld GPS like that in your phone can determine your position within a few meters or yards, but high-precision GNSS equipment and analysis can determine a location down to a fraction of an inch.

     Currently, the American GPS constellation has 33 operational satellites orbiting at an altitude of 20,000 km (12,500 mi). To accurately pinpoint the location of a high-precision GNSS station, the receiver must "lock-on" or continuously receive data for six hours as satellites arc across the horizon in view of the station. Only four satellites are needed to calculate a 3-D location, but typically a GNSS receiver will track 8 or more to calculate a more precise position.

GPS unit. USGS HVO photo
     There are several factors that affect the GNSS signal and accuracy of derived locations. The ionosphere and troposphere, layers of the atmosphere through which the radio waves travel, introduce delays in the radio signals that can be corrected with atmospheric models. Noise from signals reflected off nearby objects, such as tall buildings or trees, is called multipath. This makes it especially important for GNSS antennas to have enough clear "sky view" without object interference. This is also why the GPS on your phone does not work well inside a building.

     To get a more complete view of the deforming volcano, HVO also conducts yearly campaign surveys on Mauna Loa and Kīlauea. During these surveys, HVO staff place temporary GPS receivers and antennas on benchmarks and leave the equipment in place for a couple of days at each site. Benchmarks are permanent brass disks that have been drilled into the ground. The benchmark typically has a cross inside a triangle that serves as a reference point for centering of the antenna.

     During each survey, we return to these benchmarks to collect data and determine how the point has moved. Data collected allow us to calculate both a horizontal and vertical location, similar to latitude, longitude, and altitude and thus to evaluate the change from prior surveys.

     Campaign GPS surveys have been conducted on both Mauna Loa and Kīlaueasince the mid-1990s providing extraordinary time-series records of volcano deformation. Along with Mauna Loa and Kīlauea, Hualālai and Haleakalā volcanoes are surveyed periodically – approximately every three to five years – as part of our volcano monitoring program. This past October, HVO surveyed the western flank of Mauna Loato add to the picture of volcano deformation provided by the continuous network.

     Measuring the changing shape of the volcano helps us refine models of what is happening beneath the surface, for example, the inflation of a magma reservoir.  A combination of improved technology and new data processing techniques is providing our best data yet in the history of satellite-based geodesy at HVO.

     Volcano Activity Update

     Kīlauea Volcano is not erupting and its USGS Volcano Alert level remains at NORMAL. Kīlauea monitoring data continue to show steady rates of seismicity and ground deformation, low rates of sulfur dioxide emissions, and only minor geologic changes since the end of eruptive activity in September 2018. Rates of seismicity have been relatively consistent, although at the summit, episodic increased rates appear to be coincident with the inflated phase of the DI events. Sulfur dioxide emission rates are low at the summit and are below detection limits at Puʻu ʻŌʻō and the lower East Rift Zone. The pond at the bottom of Halemaʻumaʻu, which began forming on July 25 continues to slowly expand and deepen.

     Mauna Loa is not erupting. Its USGS Volcano Alert level remains at ADVISORY. This alert level does not mean that an eruption is imminent or that progression to an eruption is certain.
     This past week, about 53 small-magnitude earthquakes (nearly all smaller than M2.0) were detected beneath the upper elevations of Mauna Loa. Most of the earthquakes occurred at shallow depths of less than 6 km (~4 miles) below sea level. Deformation measurements show continued summit inflation. Fumarole temperature and gas concentrations on the Southwest Rift Zone remain stable.

     HVO continues to closely monitor both Kīlauea and Mauna Loafor any signs of increased activity.
     Visit volcanoes.usgs.gov/hvofor past Volcano Watch articles, Kīlauea and Mauna Loa updates, volcano photos, maps, recent earthquake info, and more. Email questions to askHVO@usgs.gov.

To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see Facebook. Follow us on Instagram and Twitter. See our online calendars and our latest print edition at kaucalendar.com.

Print edition of The Kaʻū Calendar is free to 5,500 mailboxes 

throughout Kaʻū, from Miloliʻi through Volcano, and free on 

stands throughout the district. Read online at kaucalendar.com

See monthly and weekly Kaʻū and Volcano Events, Meetings, Entertainment, Exercise, and Meditation at kaucalendar.com.

2019-2020 Kaʻū Winter Sports Schedule

Girls Basketball
Tue., Jan. 7 @Kohala
Fri., Jan. 10 host Honokaʻa

Boys Basketball

Sat., Dec. 28 host Kohala
Fri., Jan. 3 host HPA
Sat., Jan. 4 host Pāhoa
Thu., Jan. 9 @Waiakea
Sat., Jan. 11, @Konawaena


Sat., Jan. 4 @Waiakea
Sat., Jan. 11 @Kealakehe


Mon., Dec. 23 Boys host Kohala, 
Sat., Jan. 4 Girls host Honokaʻa, 
Mon., Jan. 6 @HPA
Wed., Jan. 8 host Kealakehe, 
Sat., Jan. 11 @Honokaʻa


Sat., Jan. 4 @Kamehameha
Sat., Jan. 11 @Kona Community Aquatic Center


Cultural Understanding Through Art & the Environment: Kapa Aloha ‘Āina, the fabric of Hawai‘i with Puakea Forester, Monday, Dec. 23, Volcano Art Center. Pre-registration required; class size limited. $10 per person supply fee. 9

67-8222, volcanoartcenter.org


H.O.V.E. Road Maintenance Corp. Board Mtg., Tuesday, Dec. 24, 10a.m., H.O.V.E. RMC office, 92-8979 Lehua Lane, Ocean View. 929-9

910, hoveroad.com


Kōnane, Wednesday, Dec. 25, -Kīlauea Visitor Center lānai. Ancient Hawaiian game similar to checkers. Free; park entrance fees apply. 985-61

01, nps.gov/havo

Christmas Buffet, Wednesday, Dec. 25, Kīlauea Military Camp's Crater Rim Café, in HVNP. Main entrees of Prime Rib, Roast Turkey, and Holiday Lamb Stew. $29.95/adult, $16.95/child (ages 6-11). Open to authorized patrons and sponsored guests. Park entrance fees apply. 

967-8356, kilaueamilitarycamp.com


Ka‘ū Food Basket, Thursday – last Thursday, monthly – Dec. 26, -Pāhala Community Center. 928-3102


Kahuku Coffee Talk: Artist in the Park, Friday, Dec. 27, , Kahuku Unit Visitor Contact Station. F

ree. nps.gov/havo

Monthly Mele & Hula ‘Auana Performances, Friday, Dec. 27, Volcano Art Center. Weather permitting performance held outdoors. 967-8222, volcanoartcenter.org

Amahl & Night Visitors Show, Friday, Dec. 27-Jan. 3, Kīlauea Military Camp's Theater, in HVNP. Open to authorized patrons and sponsored guests. Park entrance fees apply. 982-7344, kden73@aol.com


Birth of Kahuku, Saturday, Dec. 28, , Kahuku Unit, HVNP. Free, easy-to

-moderate hike. nps.gov/havo

Ocean View Skatepark Design Workshop, Saturday, Dec. 28, 3-5 p.m. at Ocean View Community Center. Help create a design plan and drawings of skatepark features to present to County Council. Organized by Kalanihale 501- 3c NPO. Public welcome. Kaimi Kaupiko, 808-937-1310


Final Gymkhana Event of 2019, Sunday, Dec. 29, 9a.m., Nā‘ālehu Rodeo Arena. Sign-in and check-in 8:30a.m. Hosted by Ka‘ū Roping & Riding Association.

People and Land, Sunday, Dec. 29, , Kahuku Unit, HVNP. Free, moderate, 

2.5 mile hike over rugged terrain. nps.gov/havo

Christmas in the Country featuring 20th Annual Invitational Wreath Exhibit, daily, through Dec. 31, Volcano Art Center Gallery. Free; park entrance fees app

ly. 967-7565, volcanoartcenter.org

Vote for the Best Cottage Decorations at Kīlauea Military Camp through Tuesday, Jan. 1. The public is invited to stroll along the sidewalks around the KMC Cottages where the staff has entered a contest for best Christmas decorations. The outdoor displays are best seen at night. KMC is located within Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park.

     KMC hosts a Christmas Day dinner buffet, , on Dec. 25 at Crater Rim Café. Main entrees of Prime Rib, Roast Turkey, and Holiday Lamb Stew. $29.95/adult, $16.95/child for ages 6-11, five and under free. Open to authorized patrons and sponsored guests. Park entrance fees apply.

     The KMC New Year's Eve Party on Tuesday, Dec. 31 from  at the Lava Lounge will have live music from Blue Tattoo. The $10 cover charge includes a champagne toast at . Open to authorized patrons and sponsored guests. Park entrance fees apply.
     Call 967-8356 or see kilaueamilitarycamp.com.

T-Ball and Coach Pitch Baseball League: Ocean View Team - Mondays and Wednesdays, Kahuku Park. Nā‘ālehu Team - Tuesdays and Thursdays,
Nā‘ālehu Park. Pāhala Team (seeking coaches) - attend Nā‘ālehu practice. T-Ball, 3:30-4:30pm, ages 5-6. Coach Pitch, 4:30-6p.m., ages 7-8. Programs take place through April 16. Wear cleats or tennis shoes, bring a glove if possible. Extras gloves available for use. All skills and genders welcome. $35 per teammate. See Ka‘ū Youth Baseball on Facebook. Josh or Elizabeth Crook, 345-0511

Tūtū & Me Home Visiting Program is a free service to Pāhala families with keiki, birth to five years old. This caregiver support program offers those taking care of young keiki "a compassionate listening ear, helpful parenting tips and strategies, fun and exciting activities, and wonderful educational resources" from Tūtū & Me Traveling Preschool. Home visits are one hour in length, two to four times per month, for 12 to 15 visits. Snacks are provided. See pidfoundation.org or call 808-938-1088.

To read comments, add your own, and like this story, see Facebook. Follow us on Instagram and Twitter. See our online calendars and our latest print edition at kaucalendar.com.


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